AL ḤET (Heb. עַל חֵטְא; "for the sin"), first words of a formula of confession of sins (and of each line in the formula) recited on the day of atonement . The confession of sins during the afternoon amidah on the eve of the Day of Atonement and in every Amidah (and repetition of the Amidah) on the day itself, with the exception of that of the Ne'ilah service, is required according to a baraita (Yoma 87b). In talmudic times, apparently, any expression admitting sinfulness sufficed, but in time a set form of confession evolved. There are two such forms: ashamnu , known as the "Shorter Confession," and Al Ḥet, the "Great Confession" (so called in the Maḥzor Vitry , 374; Siddur Rashi, 96; and Ha-Manhig, 60a). Al Ḥet contains a list of sins in alphabetical order, two sins being allotted to every letter. Each line begins: "For the sin we have sinned before Thee." After the 44 sins in alphabetical order, another nine lines are added enumerating sins according to their prescribed punishments. The recitation is divided into four parts. After each, the formula, "And for all these, O God of forgiveness, forgive us, pardon us, grant us atonement, is chanted during the reader's repetition. The list of sins embraces the specific (e.g., unchastity) and the general (e.g., those committed "unwittingly"), but sins of a ritual nature are not included. The whole confession is in the first person plural, perhaps as an expression of the doctrine of collective responsibility. The authorship of the Al Ḥet is unknown. It is first mentioned in the She'iltot of Aḥai Gaon (eighth century) and an abbreviated and probably more original form is found in the Seder Rav Amram. The Christian Didache (second century) also contains traces of an earlier Jewish alphabetical confession suggesting that this arrangement is very ancient. In the Sephardi rite the alphabetical arrangement is only one letter for each sin, but in some this is followed by a reverse-order alphabetical arrangement. The Yemenites use a shortened version. There are many textual variants of Al Ḥet according to different rites; an interesting example of the confession apparently used in pre-expulsion England is contained in the Eẓ Ḥayyim (ed. I. Brodie, 1 (1962), 102 ff.). It is customary to recite Al Ḥet while standing with the head bowed, and to beat one's breast at the mention of each sin. In Reform usage the Al Ḥet has been considerably shortened. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Baer S., Siddur, 416 ff.; Elbogen, Gottesdienst, 150; Idelsohn, Liturgy, 229; Hertz, Prayer, 910–8; Abrahams, Companion, cc; Adler-Davis, 2 (1915), 79; E. Levi, Yesodot ha-Tefillah (19615), 262.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Het Wild — Administration Pays  Pays Bas Province Brabant Septentrional Commune …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Het volk (journal) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Het Volk. Sommaire 1 Het Volk 2 Suppression du titre et fusion avec Le Nieuwsblad …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Het Vrije Volk — (dt. Das freie Volk, bis 1945 Het Volk) war eine (bis 1971 überregionale) niederländische Tageszeitung mit Redaktionssitz in Amsterdam. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 1.1 Vorläufer Het Volk 1900–1945 1.2 H …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Het Nieuwsblad — Pays  Belgique Langue Néerlandais Périodicité Quotidien Genre Généraliste Diffusion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Het Parool — ist eine niederländische Tageszeitung. Einstmals überregional, wurde 1997 der Schwerpunkt auf die Hauptstadt Amsterdam, die auch der Redaktionssitz ist, gelegt. Die Zeitung wird jedoch nach wie vor auch landesweit gelesen. Het Parool wurde 1941… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Het Lindeboom — est un festival de musiques traditionnelles (Auvergne, Bretagne, Flandres...) qui a lieu le mois de juillet au bois Galamé à Loon Plage (département du Nord). Créé en 2002, il attire chaque année pendant 4 jours plusieurs milliers de visiteurs.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Het Nieuwe Huis — Het Nieuwe Huis, 2011 Het Nieuwe Huis (deutsch Das Neue Haus) ist ein 1927 bis 1928 errichtetes Wohngebäude am Roelof Hartplein 50 im Amsterdamer Stadtviertel Oud Zuid. Das expressionistische Bauwerk gilt als bedeutendste Arbeit des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Het Filiaal — is a dutch theater company, founded in 1994 by director Monique Corvers.The Company Characteristic is the collaboration between director Monique Corvers and Canadian/Hungarian composer Gábor Tarján. The loving precision and sense of humour with… …   Wikipedia

  • Hét — Hét …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Het Bildt — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Het Steen — is a historic medieval castle in the old city center of Antwerp, Belgium, one of Europe s biggest ports. Built in 1200 1225, Het Steen is Antwerp s oldest building. [http://www.antwerp tourist castle.html] Previously known as… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”